Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions
Below are just a few of the questions that come up when talking to companies about drug testing their employees.

Q: What happens when someone tests positive for drugs?
A: This depends on your Drug Free Workplace Policy. The policy must be followed to the letter or it won’t work (i.e.: When an employee is either referred to an Employee Assistance Program or receives a pre-determined type of disciplinary action). If you do not already have a Drug Free Workplace Policy, we will help you develop one that is specific to your company and the state in which you are located.

Q: How can I maintain production if I lose an employee because of drugs?
A: Rather then be concerned about what you will do without a person on drugs, there should be more concern on what might happen should that person on drugs cause an accident to themselves or others working with them. A lawsuit could ruin a company. This is to say, nothing of the costs to your company from the increased absenteeism, tardiness, theft, and diminished productivity caused by the drug use of your employees.

Q: What should I do if an employee wants to challenge the test results?
A: The employee may do so at their own expense, and at a lab of their choice, but they have to use the same sample collected. They cannot give another sample.

Q: Can I pick and choose whom I want to have tested?
A: No, not unless there is credible, documented evidence that the employee’s behavior is erratic and may be influenced by drug or alcohol use.

The conditions in which drug tests can be performed are:
• ‘Pre-employment’ testing, which includes all new applicants.
• ‘For-Cause’ tests can be done because two or more supervisors notice suspicious behavior and
suspect the use of drugs.
• ‘Post-Accident’ tests can be done on anyone in an accident, and are almost always required by your
workers’ compensation carrier.
• ‘Random testing’ can test everyone, a department, a jobsite or a percentage of the workforce—chosen
by random selection.

Q: Who’s responsible for drug testing information within the company?
A: Each company will designate one individual as their “Designated Employee Representative”. That person is the only one that should have direct access to the drug test results and they should keep a separate file for privacy.

Q: What happens if an employee refuses to take the test?
A: Refusal to take a test is the same as an admission of being on drugs, or a positive result, and should be dealt with according to your drug free workplace program policy.

Q: Does our company have to supply and pay for an Employee Assistance Program?
A: Your Company does not have to pay for an Employee Assistance Program, but you must supply phone numbers that the employee can call for an appointment to get help.

Q: Does your company supply training and information for our employees about drug testing?
A: NADFW will come into your business, once you have become a member, and give an orientation/training session to all of your employees. It would be explained what will be taking place in the drug testing, and what action will be taken upon verification of the “Non-Negative” (positive).

National Association of Drug Free Workplaces